Countless nonprofit organizations are stuck on the treadmill of financial survival. Most of their energy is spent trying to make payroll at the end of each month—which means less time is spent maximizing their impact. Does that sound familiar to you?
For five years Kathleen Janus traveled the country to find out how successful organizations like Teach for America, City Year, and Charity: Water broke through their barriers. She conducted studies and interviewed 200 social entrepreneurs.
Kathleen Janus grew up in Napa, California and began volunteering at a very early age
Her parents sat on many nonprofit Boards
She noticed early on how nonprofits struggled to survive financially
Kathleen in her twenties got together with her college friends and started SPARK to support gender equality
They organized a fundraising event in San Francisco and raised $5,000 to help women in Rwanda
$5,000 seemed like a lot of money at the time
SPARK doubled its revenue every few months
Kathleen was a practicing lawyer at the time
They were able to hire an executive director when they hit a certain size
The organization hit a wall
When Kiva went on Oprah, they raised $11 million overnight
Of the 300,000 nonprofits in the US, ⅔ of them raise less than $500,000 per year
There is a desert of failed pilot nonprofits because they were unable to sustain themselves
A nonprofit that raises $2 million per year has likely hit financial sustainability
Organizations that scaled quickly first went into a quiet phase where they tested different strategies to get proof of concept
“It’s about improving the model as you grow.”
“Innovation becomes a part of your organization’s DNA.”
Wishbone was started by a school teacher who asked her low-income students to write essays about their passions. She forwarded those essays to family and friends to raise a few thousand dollars to give these kids summer experiences. She updated the donors and decided to scale.
Wishbone now allows students to raise money on their online platform
“Impact measurement is absolutely critical.”
Measuring impact allows an organization to collect data and figure out if a program is working
“It’s not just about proving your program is working. It’s about improving the program.
75% of the nonprofits surveyed collected data. But only 6% of them felt they made “good use” of their data.
An organization needs to figure out what indicators to measure, such as attendance rates of a scholarship recipient; feedback from students’ mentors, etc.
Such data gave confidence to donors and can lead to seed capital
Some randomized control trials can cost six figures
Very few nonprofits carry out randomized control trials early on
You can give incentives to survey participants (including control participants), like gift cards
Many nonprofits test earned income programs.
Hot Bread Kitchen provides job training for low-income women looking to enter the food industry. They created a cafe and also sold their produce to local markets
Hot Bread Kitchen started to provide childcare to their participants by raising funds. They now operate on 65% earned income and 35% philanthropy capital
“We tend to revere celebrity heroes. Steve Jobs. Mark Zuckerberg. Mohamad Yunus.”
“It’s actually not about the leader at the top.”
“Senior leadership was really critical for them.”
Only 15% of Boards are involved in fundraising for their nonprofits!
Many nonprofits complain about their Boards not doing enough.
Nonprofits should examine the written expectations of Board members and modify them if needed. And then hold Board members accountable.
Some organizations create Board engagement plans for each Board member
Some Board members have great connections with foundations. Others have great connections with wealthy individuals. They all bring different things to the table
One Board member sets up 12 coffee meetings per year for their Executive Director
“Great storytelling comes with practice.”
“You will never create a movement without a great story.”
Some TED speakers prepare for six months
Some organizations have storytelling roulettes and staff had to tell stories. Or they practice telling their story to groups of ordinary people.
Very few social entrepreneurs have books out
Op-eds and speaking opportunities add up
Having kids helps you set boundaries for your personal life
Kathleen Janus does yoga and meditation. She prioritizes spending time with her kids so she doesn’t work around the clock
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