I'm going to start this episode with a little story. When I decided I was going to be crazy and start this podcast, I was trying to think of a name for it, and I came up with the name Cellfie Life. I was running it by my best friend who is a social media manager. She does social media for a living, and she wasn't exactly a fan of the name because she thought it sounded like a prison podcast, which is not at all what I was going for, but I was excited and proceeded to tell her all about Robert Hooke.
Robert Hooke was looking through a microscope at a desiccated cork, and he thought that it looked like the little cells that the monks slept in, and so he used the word “cells” for what he saw through the microscope.
I was thrilled to be able to share the connection between the two types of cells with my bestie. My friend wasn't particularly entertained, but, nonetheless, welcome to the Cellfie Life! I am very excited this episode is on cells—kinda its namesake.
Before we jump in, I want to thank you for listening. Please subscribe, and if you're going to find the script notes, you can find them on the website at cellfielife.com.
I also want to give a special thanks to Emily, and Abby, they messaged me on insta earlier this week about the podcast. It honestly meant so much that you guys contacted me. I told Emily that I usually just feel like a crazy person sitting in my closet talking to myself, so it's really nice when people reach out and give me feedback. So thanks, ladies.
Okay, let's just dig in today.
We will specifically be reviewing eukaryotes today. So, we, as humans, have a lot of cells, so it makes sense that we have an understanding of how they are organized and how they communicate and react.
Pop quiz from the last episode:
Q: What is the main difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
A: Prokaryotes don't have membrane-bound organelles, and eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles.
Another difference between the two is that prokaryotes are always going to be single-celled organisms where eukaryotes can be unicellular or multicellular with multicellular organisms, such as ourselves. Eukaryotes can form tissues and have a division of labor between the cells. This means that cells will be specialized with form following function.
Some cells might need more mitochondria or have more of a rough ER, depending on what type of work they are specialized in performing. I want to mention here that there are four types of tissue: nervous, muscle, connective, and epithelial. We won't be covering tissue in this episode, but I wanted to mention the types since we talked about eukaryotes being multicellular organisms and forming tissues.
When I was first learning all the science stuff, I really had a hard time keeping the cell types associated with the right name. I switched majors from creative writing to biology, so the change was a big one. Anyway, I was having a hard time keeping prokaryotes and eukaryotes associated with the correct types of cells. I knew that one was the cell with membrane-bound organelles, and the other was the one that didn't have membrane-bound organelles.
So, of course, I turned to my root words.
So “karyon” is essentially the Greek word for “nut” and “eu” is the word for "well." So,
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